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quora: 中国哪座城市最适合外国人生活、工作和学习?

In China, what are the best cities to live, work, and study as a foreigner?

中国哪座城市最适合外国人生活、工作和学习?

quora评论翻译:

原创翻译:三泰虎 译者:Jessica.Wu

外文:https://www.quora.com/In-China-what-are-the-best-cities-to-live-work-and-study-as-a-foreigner

John Lombard, Founder of "The Language of Culture" | Consultant | Speaker

约翰·隆巴德,“文化语言”创始人|顾问|发言人

Geez, that's impossible to answer. It depends on your personality, on your reason for being in China, etc.

天啦,这个问题太难回答了。因为这取决于你的个性以及你来中国的原因等等。

Personally, Shanghai is my least favorite city in all of China. The reason is simple -- I came to China to experience the culture, the history, etc. And out of all the cities in China, Shanghai is the one that has the least of those things (well, Shenzhen would probably fit that description also). But if you want a place where you can live in China, but still feel the most comfortable, Shanghai is probably the best choice for you.

就我个人而言,上海是我最不喜欢的中国城市。原因很简单,我来中国是为了体验中国的文化、历史等。在中国所有的城市中,上海是最不具备这些东西的城市(嗯,深圳可能也符合这种情况)。但如果你想要过得最舒适,上海可能是你最佳选择。

If, on the other hand, you're looking more to immerse yourself in the history/culture of China, I'd suggest a city like Lijiang, in Yunnan province.

但如果你想更深入了解中国的历史/文化,我建议你去云南丽江这样的城市。

But then there's personality, also. Do you have a gregarious, adventurous personality that thrives on new situations, challenge, and the unknown? If so, go to smaller cities that don't have so many foreigners, where you'll be a more 'real' China experience. Or are you someone who gets more easily stressed in difficult situations, who is shy to meet new people, etc.? If so, go to larger cities like Beijing, Shanghai, etc.

但还得考虑到个人的性格。你是否善于交际、喜欢冒险,能在新形势、挑战和未知环境中生存发展?如果是的话,可以去那些没有那么多外国人的小城市,在那里你会有一种更“真实”的中国体验。或者你是否是一个在困境下更容易感到有压力、羞于结识新朋友的人?如果是的话,可以去大城市,比如北京、上海等。

What about language? If you don't speak Chinese, Beijing and Shanghai are much easier cities to live in. But on the other hand, if you want to learn Chinese, those may be the worst cities to live in, simply because there are so many people who speak English, so it's not so necessary to use your Chinese. Whereas if you go to a smaller city where people don't speak much English, you'll be much more immersed in a Chinese language environment, and probably learn much more quickly.

还有语言水平呢?如果你不会说中文,北京和上海会更适合。但另一方面,如果你想学中文,它们可能是最不适合的城市,因为那里很多人都会说英语,所以没必要用中文。然而,如果你去一个小点的城市,那里的人不太会说英语,那么你学中文的坏境会更浓厚,而且可能会学得更快。

For me, my first city in China was Qingdao. That was back in 1993, when China was very, very different than it is today. Almost nobody spoke English, and I spoke no Chinese. There were daily difficulties and challenges that often were infuriating and frustrating, where I wondered "Why am I putting myself through this?" (for example, I was once quarantined in a hospital for three days because of a sunburn...the doctors thought the blisters were some sort of weird foreigner's disease, and didn't want anyone else catching it). But I learned so much more about China, and Chinese people, and the Chinese language, than I would have if I'd lived in Beijing or Shanghai, surrounded by other foreigners.

我住过的第一个中国城市是青岛。那是在1993年,当时的中国和现在截然不同。几乎没有人说英语,而我又不会说中文。每天都有令人恼火和沮丧的困难和挑战,让我不禁想知道“我为什么要让自己经受这些?”(例如,我曾因晒伤而在医院被隔离三天……因为医生们认为水疱是某种奇怪的外国人的疾病,不想让其他人染上)。但比起住在北京或上海这些外国人多得多的城市,我在这里学到了更多关于中国、中国人和中文的知识。

There is no absolute answer to this question. Ask different people, and they'll give you different answers.

It's up to you to figure out what kind of city is best for you.

这个问题没有绝对的答案。问不同的人,你会得到不同的答案。

哪种城市最适合你,还是取决于你自己。

 

Derek Harkness, Living and working in China since 2006.

德里克·哈克尼斯,自2006年以来一直在中国生活和工作。

The best place to live and work probably won't be the same as the best place to live and study. When you are studying, you want to live somewhere cheap. You want to be able to walk or take public transport everywhere and to enjoy life while on a strict budget. When working, you have money to spend and want to be able to have a good time and play somewhat in your free time.

最适合生活和工作的地方可能和最适合生活和学习的地方不同。当你在求学时,你会想住在便宜的地方,要能够步行或坐公交到任何地方,并且在严格的预算下还能享受生活。当你工作时,因为有钱支配,你会想在空闲时间能玩得很开心。

It also depends on what kind of work you plan to do. To do anything other than teaching English, you have to be in a big city - Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Guangzhou. You might, with good mandarin skills be able to get work in some smaller, but not small, cities such as Qingdao, Xiamen, Dalian, Hangzhou. Of that short list, I'd say Shanghai and Hong Kong have the most to offer.

这也取决于你打算做什么样的工作。除了教英语之外,你必须选择一个大城市,比如北京、上海、香港、广州。如果你普通话水平很好,你或许能在青岛、厦门、大连、杭州等小城市找到工作。其中,我觉得上海和香港的工作机会最多。

If you want to teach English, I recommend looking at smaller cities that those mentioned above. Look at places that aren't so popular with foreigners but still big enough to provide the service you need. In these cities, you will be able to find more work and get paid higher wages while enjoying a low cost of living, than you would in a big famous city.

如果你想教英语,我建议你看看上面提到的小城市。看看那些不太受外国人欢迎,但仍然足以提供你需要的服务的城市。在这些城市,你可以找到更多工作,获得更高的薪水,同时享受更低的生活成本。

For a student, look for a decent school/university in a smaller city but within easy travel of a big city. This will allow you to keep your living expenses low while still being able to go into the big city to buy the occasional luxury.

对于学生来说,可以在小城市里找一所像样的学校/大学,但要方便去到大城市。这将使你保持较低的生活开支,同时还能去大城市偶尔买些奢侈品。

 

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